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Food Security

Food Insecurity

Why is Food Security Important?

Food security is one of several conditions necessary for a population to be healthy and well-nourished. The Bureau of Nutrition and the Iowa Department of Public Health have focused on assessing the extent of food security at household and community levels.

Household food security is defined as access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food security includes at a minimum:

  • The ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods.
  • An assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.

Community food security expands on the definition of household security by being concerned with the underlying social, economic and institutional factors that affect not only the amount of food available but also the quality.