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Reportable Diseases

Information on Iowa's reportable diseases and conditions.

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Epi Manual

An online guide for public health officials and health care providers to surveillance, investigation, and reporting.

Vaccines and Immunizations

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Foodborne Outbreak Investigation Manual

An online resource for foodborne outbreak management.

Reportable Communicable Diseases and Infectious Conditions

To report diseases immediately, use the 24/7 disease
reporting telephone hotline: 1-800-362-2736

Outbreak Reporting

IMMEDIATELY report to the department outbreaks of any kind, diseases that occur in unusual numbers or circumstances, unusual syndromes, or uncommon diseases. Outbreaks may be infectious, environmental or occupational in origin and include food-borne outbreaks or illness secondary to chemical exposure (e.g., pesticides, anhydrous ammonia).

Bioterrorism Reporting

IMMEDIATELY report diseases, syndromes, poisonings and conditions of any kind suspected or caused by a biological, chemical, or radiological agent or toxin when there is reasonable suspicion that the disease, syndrome, poisoning or condition may be the result of a deliberate act such as terrorism. Examples of these include (but are not limited to) anthrax, mustard gas, sarin gas, ricin, tularemia and smallpox.

Reportable Diseases

Report cases of the diseases listed in the following table to the department within the time frame specified in the When to Report column and by the reporting method in the How to Report column.

Sort the table by: When to Report

DiseaseWhen to ReportHow to Report

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-defining conditions

7 days

Report by mail

  • Health care providers: Use the Pediatric or Adult Confidential Case Report form
  • Laboratories: Send copy of lab report or the Iowa Confidential Report of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Infection
  • Mark envelope “Attention 03”

AIDS Information

Anthrax

1 day

Phone, IDSS, or FAX

Anthrax Information

Arboviral disease (includes West Nile Virus, St. Louis, LaCrosse, WEE, EEE, VEE encephalitis)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX, or mail

West Nile Virus Information

Western Equine Encephalitis Information

Botulism

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Botulism Information

Brucellosis (Brucella)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Brucellosis Information

Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Campylobacter Information

Chalmydia

3 days

Report by mail

  • Health care providers: Use the Iowa Confidential Report of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Infection
  • Laboratories: Use the Laboratory Report of Tests Processed for STD
  • Mark envelope: “Attention 00”

Chlamydia Information

Cholera

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Cholera Information

Cryptosporidiosis

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Cryptosporidium Information

Cyclospora

3 days

Phone, IDSS, fax or mail

Cyclospora Information

Diptheria

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Diptheria Information

Enterococcus invasive disease

3 days

Send isolate to the University Hygienic Laboratory

Enterococcus Invasive Disease Information

Escherichia coli shiga toxin-producing and related diseases (includes HUS and TTP)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

E. coli Information

Giardiasis (Giardia)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Giardia Information

Gonorrhea

3 days

Report by mail

  • Health care providers: Use the Iowa Confidential Report of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Infection
  • Laboratories: Use the Laboratory Report of Tests Processed for STD
  • Mark envelope “Attention 00”

Gonorrhea Information

Haemophilus influenzae type B invasive disease

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Haemophilus Influenzae type B Information

Hansen’s disease (leprosy)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Hansen's Disease Information

Hantavirus syndromes

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Hantavirus Information

Hepatitis A

1 day

Phone, IDSS or FAX

Hepatitis A Information

Hepatitis B, C, D, E

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Hepatitis Information

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

7 days

Report by mail

  • Health care providers: Use the Pediatric or Adult Confidential Case Report Form
  • Laboratories: Send copy of lab report or the Iowa Confidential Report of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Infection
  • Mark envelope “Attention 03”

HIV Information

Legionellosis (Legionella)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Legionella Information

Listeria monocytogenes invasive disease

1 day

Phone, IDSS or FAX

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Listeria Information

Lyme disease

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Lyme Disease Information

Malaria

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Malaria Information

Measles (rubeola)

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Measles Information

Meningococcal invasive disease

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Meningococcal Invasive Disease Information

Mumps

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Mumps Information

Pertussis

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Pertussis Information

Plague

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Plague Information

Poliomyelitis

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Polio Information

Psittacosis

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Psittacosis Information

Rabies, animal

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Rabies Information

Rabies, human

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Rabies Information

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Information

Rubella (including congenital)

1 day

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Rubella Information

Salmonellosis (Salmonella)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Salmonella Information

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

SARS Information

Shigellosis (Shigella)

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Laboratories: Send isolate to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Shigella Information

Smallpox

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Smallpox Information

Staphylococcus aureus invasive disease

Quarterly

Laboratories: Mail the number of isolates to the State Hygienic Laboratory

Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-resistant (MRSA), invasive disease

3 days

Laboratories: Send isolates to the State Hygienic Laboratories

MRSA Information

Staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin-resistant (VRSA)

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Laboratories: Send isolates to the State Hygienic Laboratory

VRSA Information

Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive disease

3 days

Laboratories: Send isolate to the University Hygienic Laboratory

Syphilis

3 days

Report by mail

  • Health care providers: Use the Iowa Confidential Report of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Infection
  • Laboratories: Use the Laboratory Report of Tests Processed for STD
  • Mark envelope “Attention 00”

Syphilis Information

Tetanus

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Tetanus Information

Toxic Shock Syndrome

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Toxic Shock Syndrome Information

Trichinosis

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Trichinosis Information

Tuberculosis, extra-pulmonary

3 days

Phone, IDSS, FAX or mail

Tuberculosis Information

Tuberculosis, pulmonary and laryngeal (infectious)

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Tuberculosis Information

Typhoid fever

1 day

Phone, IDSS or FAX

Typhoid Fever Information

Viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) (e.g., Lassa, Marburg, Ebola, Crimean-Congo, South American)

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Information

Yellow Fever

Immediately

24/7 disease reporting telephone hotline:
1-800-362-2736

Yellow Fever Information

Reporting of the above diseases is required by Iowa Administrative Code [641] Chapter 1

Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology
Iowa Department of Public Health
Lucas State Office Building
321 East 12th Street
Des Moines, IA 50319-0075

Phone: 1-800-362-2736
Secure fax: 515-281-5698

Iowa Disease Surveillance System (IDSS) related questions, call the Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology (CADE) at 1-800-362-2736

STD questions: 515-281-3031
HIV/AIDS questions: 515-242-5141
Immunization questions: 515-281-4938
TB questions: 515-281-7504

Specimen submission questions, call the State Hygienic Laboratory at 319-335-4500

Reporting forms may be obtained from the Clearing House

(515) 242-5935  |  1(800) 362-2736  |  Submit questions online at "Contact Us"